Useful Stuff and Miscellanea

my useful tag
Starting at the wrist, a strip of fabric is wrapped one by one around the fingers, excluding the thumb, before being wrapped around the four fingers together and tucked in to secure the end.
How to tape up your hands before a fight
How to fell a tree: a diagram illustrates that an initial cut is made, then the remaining cuts are made on the opposing side so that the tree falls away from the cutter. To cut a log for firewood, the edges are cut off the round log to form a rough pentagon, which is then split in half. This firewood can be stacked parallel to each other or in a 'chimney' stack, with alternating perpendicular logs forming a cabin-like column.  A makeshift backpack can be made from a pair of pants by tying the legs shut, threading the string through the belt loops, and tying it off to form a drawstring. The legs then serve as the straps of the 'bag'.
In case of an emergency, a crayon can burn for up to 30 minutes. Generally, this is more of about 15 minutes, and can depend on brand and color.  You can heat a small room with a makeshift heater made from a terra-cotta flower pot, bricks, and tea light candles. By lighting the candles (on a fire-proof surface), then placing the flower pot over the candles with the bricks allowing for airflow, heat can collect- not enough for a large room, but will work for a small room. Do not leave unattended.

If you add two pounds of sugar to literally one ton of concrete it will ruin the concrete and make it unable to set properly which is good to know if you wanna resist something being built. French anarchists used this to resist prison construction in the 80s.


Let's say you've gone back in time. Nice one. Okay, we're going to assume that you're on earth and you can read English. So far, so good. But how can you build all the amenities of tomorrow when you're stuck in the past?

First, we need some units. But no biggie. The exact speed of light in a vacuum is 299,792,458 meters per second. Good to know. A meter is defined in terms of light, but if you can't measure it accurately, the length of a pendulum that takes one second to swing from end-to-end will do the trick. Pendulums tend to take the same amount of time to swing regardless of how high you start them off. So don't worry about that. Pretty neat right? Galileo discovered that, but you learned it in high school. But whatever, TAKE THE CREDIT. If you don't have a watch, a second is about how long it takes you to say 'one Mississippi', or 'one one thousand'. And a gram is pretty much the weight of one centimeter of cubed water.

Flight:
The wing took a long time to figure out. Just remember those aerofoils are objects shaped such that air above them progresses faster than air moving beneath them. SLOWER MOVING AIR HAS MORE PRESSURE. So there is a net upwards force. Attach an aerofoil of sufficient size to a machine capable of moving itself forward fast enough and it WILL fly. You can make a plane by attaching two aerofoil to a central body, and flaps at the trailing edge and you can control where it goes.

Technology:
Heat milk to just below its boiling point: it won't curdle, and 99.999% of the bugs in it will be killed. Congratulations! You just invented pasteurization. A moving electric field produces magnetism, and vice versa. Wrap copper wire around an iron core and run electricity through it. And you've got an electromagnet. Don't have any electricity? Put a magnet on a water wheel, and put your copper-wrapped iron beside the wheel. And presto, you're converting mechanical energy into electricity. Don't have magnets? Heat iron to get a very weak one. Look for black grains in beach sands that stick together. Or examine the sites of lightning strikes for magnetic lodestones. Run electricity through tungsten to get the light bulb. Run electricity back and forth along a wire with enough power and you've invented the radio. When a radio wave interacts with a receiving antenna, the exact same electrical change can be recovered. Information can be encoded in two ways: in the charge of the electricity (higher current produces a higher amplitude wave) or in the frequency of the electrical reversals. FM is more resistant to amplitude decay in transit. Send out high frequency waves and measure how and when they bounce back and you've invented radar. Do the same with sound and you have sonar. Mount a magnet so it can move freely, and you've invented the compass. Take the credit. And while you're at it, make sure you name the magnetic poles backwards from what they are now, because in your time, the North pole is magnetic south, and vise versa. So confusing. Polaris, or the North Star, is just about the brightest one in the sky, and it's near the big dipper. Measure how high it appears to be, and that angle is your latitude. If you can get your hands on Quartz crystals great, run some current through them and they'll change shape. Stop the current and they'll resume their shape, and they'll generate electricity with a very precise frequency as they do so. You can use this to build precision clocks. With these clocks, you can determine longitude, just set your clock to London time, take the difference between London noon and local noon, and that's how far away from the prime meridian you are. Take the credit for that too. If you're in 1714, the British have a 20,000 pound prize up for a simple way to calculate longitude. Other fun inventions: gears, catapults, glasses, kites, thermometers, scissors, circular saws, buttons, forks, paint rollers, the wheel, rudders, CPR, umbrellas, screws.

Health:
Germs spread disease. Fight them with hygiene and antibiotics. Wash to keep yourself and those around you clean. Medical instruments should be cleaned in boiling water. Steam works on things that can't be washed. The best antibiotic is penicillin, the mold penicillium notatum, found on food. It's incredibly effective at stopping infection, and works by preventing other bacteria from making new cell walls and reproducing. It'll usher in a new age of antibiotics, so take the credit. If the penicillium mold in unknown, look for molds on foods that, when viewed under a microscope, look like crazy hands on long stalks. There's your Penecillium. Viruses spread disease. But unlike germs, can't reproduce on their own. They rely on host cells to reproduce. Fight them with vaccination, which allows the body to produce antibodies that fight a given virus before it even shows up. Make a vaccine by growing a culture and then heating it: the heat will kill the virus, and their dead shells are enough to teach the body to fight. Weaker strains also vaccinate. You're probably good for most diseases, but our generation was the first to grow up without smallpox. Cowpox are spots found on cow udders, and it's close enough to vaccinate you while being weak enough not to kill you. Speaking of not being killed, diabetes is characterized by frequent urination, extreme thirst or hunger, and/or extreme weight loss. Without treatment it's fatal, but insulin can be extracted from the pancreas of dogs and pigs by tying a string around the pancreatic duct. Inject this extract and it will act as a miraculous treatment. Forget Banting and Best. Take the credit.

Chemistry:
Don't forget the basic building blocks of matter: atoms. Atoms consist of a nucleus at the core made out of neutrally-charged neutrons and positively-charged protons, surrounded by negatively-charged electrons. An atom with the same number of electrons and protons is electrically neutral. Otherwise it will have a positive or negative charge. The number of protons in an atom determines which element it is. For our purposes the most useful ones are hydrogen (h) with 1 proton, carbon (c) with 6, nitrogen (n) with 7, and oxygen (0) with 8. Water is made of hydrogen and oxygen: H2O. Crazy glue is C5H5NO2. If you're a woman and you swallow progesterone, you won't ovulate: c20h2602 is a good synthetic substitute. Aluminum used to be more valuable than gold. Depending on when you are it still is. Extract it from rocks by dissolving them in molten cryolite and running current through it you'll find cryolite in Greenland, latitude 61.2 longitude -48.16. Look for glassy white crystals. Atoms can be split, which releases a tremendous amount of energy and radiation. Energy cannot be created or destroyed, just converted. Remember Einstein. Prize up for a simple way to calculate longitude.

Anyway, hang this up in your Time Machine.

Laundry Detergent
1 cup Washing Soda. This can be made by cooking baking soda on a tray in an oven at 400° for 1 hour.
1 cup Borax (not Boric Acid. Also a different thing.)
½ cup - 1 cup grated bar soap (you can use literally anything. I often use Ivory because it’s easy to get and I find it works well, a lot of people like Fels-Naptha, which is an actual laundry bar. Some people use Dr. Bronner’s. Really does not fucking matter.)
After grating your soap, combine all ingredients. That’s it. That’s the whole thing. Use maybe a ¼ cup per load.

Dryer Sheet Replacement
Go to a craft store, find 100% wool yarn balls. If it doesn’t come in a ball, ask an employee to make it into a tight ball for you. Wash in the washing machine to make it felted. Remove from washer, add a few drops of essential oil to the ball, allow to seep in. Dry with clothing. Doesn’t need to be rewashed ever, and if it stops smelling, add few more drops of essential oil. Bam, reusable dryer sheets.


Flower crown guide: Flower crowns can be made by placing base flower stem perpendicular to the flower to be added, then wrapping the new flower around the base flower's stem (and any other stems already in the crown), then up over new flower and parallel to the base flower. This newly-added flower now becomes the base flower for the next flower. Further flowers can then be added to the finished product for extra flair.
Ways to Start Living Solarpunk Style
It takes 30 minutes of rapid boiling at 160°F (70°C), 3 minutes at 185°F (85°C), and 30 seconds at 212°F (100°C) to boil water enough to kill pathogens. Note: this does not remove chemical toxins.  A skivyy roll is a good way to pack underclothing in a small bundle. Lay out a shirt flat, then place underwear, folded in half or thirds, on top by the collar. Fold the sides/sleeves of the shirt over the underwear and the center to form a narrow strip (about 1/4 the width of the shirt). Lay a pair of socks on top, each facing the opposite direction with the toes in. Roll the shirt and socks up. Then take the leg of each sock and turn it inside-out over the t-shirt roll to keep it in place. End product should be a neat cylindrical bundle that fits in a bag with ease. A chart of the NATO phonetic alphabet and the accompanying Morse code designations.
   
100 Free Survival Guides
Dealing with Meltdowns and Panic Attacks

What Allistics Should Know About Meltdowns

A meltdown is a defensive response, not an aggression. Meltdowns happen because we are in pain - either the direct sensory pain of too much light or too loud noise or terrible textures or what have you, or the emotional pain of just being overwhelmed by so much input we can’t handle it, of being told we're horrible burdens who can’t love, etc. Meltdowns are born of pain.
In particular, they’re what happens when we can’t escape that pain. You know about the fight-or-flight response? Well… that’s what a meltdown is. And all of those stories of autistic people destroying things or hurting themselves or lashing out at people is what happens when “flight” is no longer an option. That only leaves “fight.” We’re trying to defend ourselves from things that are hurting us, and you won’t let us. You stand between us and an escape from pain. That’s what makes us lash out, as surely as if you cornered an animal and poked it with a stick.
So how do you prevent this from happening? Simple. Find out what’s causing us pain, and give us an escape from it. Too much noise? Give us earplugs or a quiet place. Too-bright lights? Maybe we need sunglasses or a dark room. Draining social expectations? Let us be alone for a bit. Just let us escape the pain. That’s all we need.
If you don’t personally know the person who’s having the meltdown, or even if you do and you haven’t worked out another plan ahead of time, here’s meltdown intervention 101:
Don’t
Do
If you are allistic and any of this seems wrong to you, I would like to politely invite you to shut your quiznak. Yes, especially if you are an “““Autism expert”””

DO NOT CALL THE COPSI CANNOT EMPHASIZE THIS ENOUGH


When Your Partner Has Anxiety: A Meltdown Guide

Reacting To A Partner In Crisis
Depression, anxiety, and panic attacks should be treated with the same mindset as someone who has just been launched off their bike into a gravel pit. It hurts, and it’s gross and can be a bit frightening, but it will pass, wounds will heal, and it’s not a big deal, except for right when it is happening. Getting upset about it does not make it go away. It has already happened, and now it is time to take care of business. Get your partner to a safe space, and start wiping up the blood and picking out the gravel.
Non-proximity Dependant Tips to Support Your Partner With Anxiety
No matter whether you are with your partner or not at the moment of crisis, these five tips will help get you both through it.

Proximal Suggestions for a Partner in Crisis
↳SensationsDisclaimer: Always ask for consent when touching a person who is having a panic attack. They may not be able to answer fully, but be aware of their body language and the subtle cues that they don’t like what you are doing, or that touching them is making it worse.

When touching, I find that skin to skin is best, face to face. Alternate between whole-body holding/constricting and light back circles with head petting. Blankets in a quiet, warm, and relatively low-lit atmosphere can be soothing. Platonic-ish kissing is good but mostly appreciated on the forehead, head, and upper back and upper arms. Neck kissing is too sensitive and sticking your tongue in their mouth will be overwhelming and inappropriate. Keep your voice low, either quiet or whispering. Extra special holding technique: Cradling in any form is exceptional; particularly if it allows the one doing the cradling the ability to whisper, rock back and forth in some way, and allows for gentle stroking or petting of the non-sexual variety. Think holding a baby.
↳Activities
Distractions can be good once the initial episode is over and it is time to recover. Music may be too emotionally triggering. I find cartoons are best. Other options include reading to them (anything), or helping them into the bath or shower. Do not fucking fall asleep. They will hate you forever. Tell them about your day, or a mundane topic. Dumb facts about penguins or elephants work here. Do not expect a high level of participation but they are listening, and they do care. This is super helpful and can be very soothing.
↳Nourishment
Start with a glass of water, and if that is good, move to warm beverages – NOT alcoholic, or super creamy or sugary. Use encouraging words: “It’s okay, it’s okay.” Also encourage breathing together if you think it will work/help. Make sure they have eaten in the last 3-5 hours.
When You Can’t Be There
You can’t always be there when the shit hits the fan. That is not your fault nor is it your responsibility to babysit your partner. When you can’t be there, here are some great tips to get you and your partner through it.
↳Sensations
Hearing your voice can be soothing. If they don’t answer the phone, leave a message. If you don’t know what to say or talk about, just talk about yourself or your day. Send a photo of wherever you are, or whatever you are doing. This relays that you have stopped to take a picture to send it to them because you are thinking about them. You can also send a picture of yourself making stupid faces, or take a picture of a horrible drawing of a whale you just did. Anything that brings them back into the moment with you. You get the idea. Affirmative statements also great.
Final Thoughts
Be available. You’re in a relationship, and if you were going through stuff, you know they would be there for you. If you don’t want to make yourself available, you probably shouldn’t be in this relationship. Obviously, if you are at work, this is an exception, but don’t decide it’s not your concern. You are partners, so act like it.
Make a plan. Don’t dwell too much on what is happening but tell them what is going to happen NEXT. Don’t ask for help making the decisions. Take the initiative to make the decisions about what is going to happen with the rest of their day. This will give them something to look forward to and is extremely helpful. Knowing that they will be taken care of is almost as good as being hugged right at the moment.

 
Ensuring Community Safety: Alternatives to Policing
The anti-homeless 'armrests' on most park benches are added afterwards- often attached with a simple bolt. These can be removed quite easily with a pair of pliers or an Allen wrench/hex key. The bar can then be thrown away or recycled later. Small, cheap welds can also be cut through with a hacksaw, small file, or flexible pocket saw.
In this current political environment, I'm just going to leave this reproductive information here in case it should ever be needed by anyone reading this.

Fact #1:
Laser sights don’t help your aim; they’re highly inaccurate at any range longer than a couple dozen yards and only good for rapid target acquisition.
Fact #2:
Absolutely every precision shooter knows this.
Fact #3:
Almost nobody else knows this because movies have erroneously taught people that snipers paint a red dot on the target’s chest before they shoot them.
Fact #4:
Any nazi who notices a red dot on their chest while giving a speech is going to immediately stop talking and get off the stage, probably while shitting themself.
Fact #5:
Laser pointers are cheap, legal, and easy to conceal, and unless there’s smoke or dust or something in the air, there's no way to know where it’s coming from.


To find the temperature in Fahrenheit, count the crickets for 14 seconds, then add 40.

If I give you an apple and an orange and I tell you to choose, how many choices do you really have?

Two? Nope. You have FIVE, minimum.

And this works EVERYWHERE.

“Are you with us or with them?”

“You need to vote Democrat or Republican!”

“Are you Christian or Muslim?”

And it’s often more subtle

Like a salesperson handing you two products and pressuring you to buy one of them, making you forget that:

And sometimes it can be as important as “Are you gay or are you straight?”

So remember- If someone if pressuring you to pick between two choices, they’re probably trying to manipulate you by making you forget you also have another three options.


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